PREVENT

Cancers associated with moles and warts

World wide over 3 million cases of skin cancer will be diagnosed this year! More than half of all the new cancers are skin cancers. About a million new cases of skin cancer will be diagnosed in the United States, alone, this year. 80 percent of these new cases will be basal cell carcinoma, 16 percent will be squamous cell carcinoma, and 4 percent melanoma.

  • Both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma have a better than 95 percent cure rate if detected early.

  • About 1,200 people died from basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma in 1998. The numbers will be higher this year.

  • There were about 41,000 cases of malignant melanoma in 1998, a 3 percent increase from 1997.

  • 7,300 deaths were attributed to malignant melanoma in 1998. Of theses deaths, 4,600 will be men, 2,700 women. Older Caucasian males have the highest death rates.

  • The incidents of malignant melanoma doubled among white males between 1973 and 1991.

  • Six out of seven cancer deaths are from malignant melanoma.

  • Melanoma is more common than any non-skin cancer among people between 25 and 29 years old. (SOURCE: American Cancer Society)

Certainly, these are frightening statistics and there is every reason to be alarmed. However, there is hope. You can reduce your risk of developing skin cancer significantly by following two very simple rules.

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The rule is emphasized twice because once doesn’t seem to be enough.

Study after study shows that exposure to ultra-violet rays from the sun and tanning beds are the single greatest source of skin cancers. Australia, where everyone seems to be outdoors, has the greatest incidents of skin cancer on the earth, but every country is experiencing dramatic rises in reported cases. Some researchers believe the increase is due to a thinning of the ozone level, but this has not been proven conclusively. Many studies seem to contradict one another. Initially, we were warned to use sun screen lotions while in the sun, but now studies seem to indicate that these lotions might not be reducing skin cancer growth. Until these initial studies are confirmed USE SUNSCREENS.

Basal Cell Carcinoma. The most common type of skin cancer strikes 750,000 Americans yearly. Almost 100 percent curable when detected in the early stages. Basal cell carcinomas have a pearly appearance.Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer. The second most common type of skin malignancy is squamous cell carcinoma. Although these two types of skin cancer are the most common of all malignancies, they account for less than 0.1% of patient deaths due to cancer. Both of these types of skin cancer are more likely to occur in individuals of light complexion who have had significant exposure to sunlight, and both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell skin cancers are more common in the southern portion of the Northern hemisphere and other global areas of more sunlight.

The overall cure rate for both types of skin cancer is directly related to the stage of the disease and the type of treatment employed. However, since neither basal cell carcinoma nor squamous cell carcinoma of the skin are reportable diseases, precise 5-year cure rates are not known. PREVENTION IS THE BEST CURE!

basal_cell_carcinomasBasal Cell carcinomas

Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Squamous cell tumors tend to occur on sun-exposed portions of the skin such as the ears, lower lip, and dorsa of the hand. However, squamous cell carcinomas that arise in areas of non-sun-exposed skin or that originate on areas of the sun-exposed skin are prognostically worse since they have a greater tendency to metastasize. Chronic sun damage, sites of prior burns, arsenic exposure, chronic cutaneous inflammation as seen in long standing skin ulcers, and sites of previous x-ray therapy are predisposed to the development of squamous cell carcinoma.

Localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is a highly curable disease. The traditional methods of treatment involve the use of cryosurgery, radiation therapy, electrodesiccation and curettage, and simple excision. Each of these methods may be useful in specific clinical situations. Of all treatment methods available, Mohs micrographic surgery has the highest 5-year cure rate for both primary and recurrent tumors. This method uses microscopic control to evaluate the extent of tumor invasion

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Melanoma.

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MELANOMA

Melanoma is a disease of the skin in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the cells that color the skin (melanocytes). Melanoma usually occurs in adults, but it may occasionally be found in children and adolescents. Your skin protects your
body against heat, light, infection, and injury. It is made up of two main layers: the epidermis (the top layer) and dermis (the inner layer). Melanocytes are found in the epidermis and they contain melanin, which gives the skin its color. Melanoma is sometimes called cutaneous melanoma or malignant melanoma.

Melanoma is a more serious type of cancer than the more common skin cancers, basal cell cancer or squamous cell cancer, which begin in the basal or squamous cells of the epidermis.

Like most cancers, melanoma is best treated when it is found (diagnosed) early. Melanoma can spread (metastasize) quickly to other parts of the body through the lymph system or through the blood. (Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped structures that are found throughout the body; they produce and store infection-fighting cells.) You should see your doctor if you have any of the following warning signs of melanoma: change in the size, shape, or color of a mole; oozing or bleeding from a mole; or a mole that feels itchy, hard, lumpy, swollen, or tender to the touch. Melanoma can also appear on the body as a new
mole. Men most often get melanoma on the trunk (the area of the body between the shoulders and hips) or on the head or neck; women most often get melanoma on the arms and legs.

(From the National Cancer Institute)

Three features that help patients and physicians recognize melanoma are A) Asymmetry, or an irregular shape of a mole, B) Borders which are irregular, or C) Color within the mole that is variable or very dark. A mole that increases in size, changes shape or color, itches or bleeds is also suspicious.

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NOTE how similar the three images above are. The first is a common mole, the second an atypical mole and the last a malignant cancerous mole. Frequently, it takes a trained doctor to differentiate between a dysplastic nevi and a melanoma. BIO-T can eliminate moles and dysplastic nevi, however if you are in doubt about any moles, see you health care provider before using the product.

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Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.

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